DreamBooth Training API

Tiyaro supports training a diffusion model using DreamBooth. If you want to do the training using the UI in the Tiyaro console you can refer to this step-by-step blog. This document will guide you through the API way to start the training.

All the training methods described below are implemented as GraphQL API. You can access them from the following graphql endpoint.


Here is a working sample program that shows how you can call the Tiyaro GraphQL API from python. This sample is for illustration only. Its main purpose is to show the Headers that are needed to make the GraphQL call. Most languages have some high level library that makes it much easier to call GraphQL API, ‘gql’ is one such library for Python.

import requests
import os
import sys

url = "https://control.tiyaro.ai/graphql"

apiKey = os.getenv("TIYARO_API_KEY")
if apiKey is None:
    print("Set your TIYARO_API_KEY env variable")

# NOTE: Replace the following with a valid jobID
jobID = "replace_with_your_job_id"
if jobID == "replace_with_your_job_id":
    print("Please set jobID to a valid job id that you got back from the 'newJobID' method")

query = f'query {{getJobStatus(jobID: "{jobID}") {{statusEnum errMsg created finished}}}}'
payload = {"variables": {}, "query": query}

headers = {
    "content-type": "application/json",
    "authorization": f"{apiKey}"

response = requests.request("POST", url, json=payload, headers=headers)


As shown above you have to provide your Tiyaro API key in the authorization header to your request. You can generate your API key from the API Keys page on Tiyaro.

High Level Workflow for training via GraphQL API
  1. Create a new training job

  2. Get presigned S3 url to upload your images in a zip file

  3. Upload your zip file to the presigned S3 URL

  4. Start training job

  5. Check status of job

  6. Get the API and ModelCard URL after successful training

Create a new training job

newJobID(jobType: JobType): String

First thing you do to start your training is to create a new job using newJobID. This call returns you a ‘jobID’ that you will use in the rest of the methods.



value is ‘dreambooth’


jobID: String

this is the ‘jobID’

Get presigned S3 url to upload your images in a zip file

getJobInputURL(jobID: String, objName: String): String

The images that you want to upload must all be packaged into a zip file. Use this method to get a presigned S3 url where you can upload that zip file. The format of the zip file is explained below.


jobID - Type String

job id of the job created by newJobID

objName - Type String

name of your zip file


presignedURL: String

the presignedURL to which you can upload your zip file

ZIP file format

There are 2 types of images that you can upload.

  1. The images which add a new concept to the diffusion models. Lets call this instance images. This type of images are required.

  2. The images which are required by dreambooth training for an existing concept. Lets call this class images. This type of images are optional.

Providing class images will help you to cut down training cost both in terms of time and credits. Especially if you are training multiple instances of the same class, you may provide the same set of class images for each taining that will speed up your training. Again, this is optional.

In the zip file you provide, the instance images should be added to the root of the package. The class images should be added to a subdirectory called dataset_class. See example below:

$ zip -sf dog_toy_example.zip
Archive contains:

In the above example ‘alvan-nee-9M0tSjb-cpA-unsplash.jpeg’, ‘alvan-nee-bQaAJCbNq3g-unsplash.jpeg’ etc are instance images that are directly at the root of the package. Whereas ‘dog5.jpeg’, ‘dog4.jpeg’ etc are class images that are added to a subdirectory ‘dataset_class’. You can also examine this sample zip file to see how it is packaged.

Upload your zip file to the presigned S3 URL

You can use any library or command line tool to upload your zip file to the presigned S3 URL that you get from the getJobInputURL method above. You have to however make sure to pass the same headers as shown in the python example below.

As an example here is a sample python program that uploads a (zip) file to the presigned S3 URL recevied from the getJobInputURL method:

import requests

# Replace with presigned url that you get from getJobInputURL method
presignedURL = "replace_with_presigned_url"

# Replace with your zip file
fname = "/home/user/data/milkyway.zip"

def upload_file_to_presigned_url(url, fname):
    headers = { 'Content-Type': 'application/octet-stream'}
    print(f'Uploading {fname} to {url}')
    response = requests.request("PUT", url, data=open(fname, 'rb'), headers=headers)

if __name__ == "__main__":
  upload_file_to_presigned_url(presignedURL, fname)

Start training job

startTrainingJob(jobID: String, input: JobInput): String

This method is used to start the training job. The return value of this method can be ignored as it is the same jobID as was passed in the input. You can check the status of this job by using the getJobStatus method.


jobID - Type String

job id of the job created by newJobID

input - Type JobInput

input parameters for training. See details below.

input JobInput {
  jobType: JobType
  dreamboothInput: DreamBoothInput
input DreamBoothInput {
  name: String!
  version: String!
  desc: String
  datasetS3ObjName: String!

  #  Parameters to the training job - required
  class_prompt: String!
  instance_prompt: String!

  #  Parameters to the training job all optional
  model: String
  vae: String
  seed: Int
  prior_loss_weight: Float
  resolution: Int
  train_batch_size: Int
  lr_warmup_steps: Int
  lr_scheduler: String
  num_class_images: Int
  learning_rate: Float
  gradient_accumulation_steps: Int
  max_train_steps: Int
  train_text_encoder: Boolean
  use_8bit_adam: Boolean
  mixed_precision: String
  with_prior_preservation: Boolean
  adam_beta1: Float
  adam_beta2: Float
  adam_weight_decay: Float
  adam_epsilon: Float
  max_grad_norm: Float

Here is what the above parameters mean

name - The name of your model. NOTE: Use a unique name for each of your model
version - The version of the model
desc - A description for this model
datasetS3ObjName: This is the name of your zip file. This is the same name you used in the getJobInputURL for objName
model - The base stable diffusion model to fine tune using dreambooth.
vae - The VAE required to run dreambooth training.
seed - A seed for reproducible training.
prior_loss_weight - The weight of prior preservation loss.
instance_prompt - The prompt with identifier specifying the instance concept you want your base stable diffusion model to train on.
class_prompt - The prompt to specify images in the same class (concept) as provided instance images.
resolution - The resolution for input images, all the images in the train/validation dataset will be resized to this resolution.
train_batch_size - Batch size (per device) for the training dataloader.
lr_warmup_steps - Number of steps for the warmup in the lr scheduler.
lr_scheduler - The scheduler type to use. Choose between [“linear”, “cosine”, “cosine_with_restarts”, “polynomial”, “constant”, “constant_with_warmup”]
num_class_images - Minimal class images for prior preservation loss. If not have enough images, additional images will be sampled with class_prompt.
learning_rate Initial - learning rate (after the potential warmup period) to use.
gradient_accumulation_steps - Number of updates steps to accumulate before performing a backward/update pass.
max_train_steps - Total number of training steps to perform. If provided, overrides num_train_epochs.
train_text_encoder - Whether to train the text encoder.
use_8bit_adam - Whether or not to use 8-bit Adam from bitsandbytes.
mixed_precision - Whether to use mixed precision. Choose between fp16 and bf16 (bfloat16). Bf16 requires PyTorch >= 1.10 and an Nvidia Ampere GPU.
with_prior_preservation - IF this is true then the class images are actually required, which are by default taken care of by the program, if you have yours the class images can used thereby reducing the time required to train dreambooth
adam_beta1 - The beta1 parameter for the Adam optimizer.
adam_beta2 - The beta2 parameter for the Adam optimizer.
adam_weight_decay - Weight decay to use.
adam_epsilon - Epsilon value for the Adam optimizer.
max_grad_norm - Max gradient norm.


  • String - Returns the jobID (this is the same jobID as subimtted). Can be ignored.


Your zip file name is referred in 2 methods. The name of the fields is slightly different.

e.g. If your zip file is called milkyway.zip

  • In getJobInputURL the objName should be milkyway.zip

  • In startTrainingJob the datasetS3ObjName should be milkyway.zip

Check status of job

getJobStatus(jobID: String): JobStatus

The getJobStatus method returns the status of a training job. statusEnum == done denotes a job that has successfully finished. If the statusEnum == failed you can check the error for the failure in errMsg. Note that the getJobStatus call only makes sense for a job that has been started with the startTrainingJob method. If you simply create a newJobID and call job status on that newly created job you wont get any status back as the job hasnt even been submitted/started yet.


jobID: Type String

job id of the job created by newJobID


JobStatus: Type JobStatus

status of the job submitted using startTrainingJob

type JobStatus {
  errMsg: String
  created: String
  finished: String
  statusEnum: JobStatusEnum
  jobInput: String

enum JobStatusEnum {

Note: jobInput is the json string representing the input parameters that were sent to this job. We return this input back so you can find out the params used to train this job. This is more of a convenience in case you dont want to store that meta data yourself.

Get the API and ModelCard URL after successful training

getTrainedModels(jobID: String): [TrainedModels]

The getTrainedModels method returns the information of the models that are created after a successful training


jobID: Type String

job id of the job created by newJobID


TrainedModels: Type TrainedModels

Information about the trained models

type TrainedModels {
  vendor: String!
  version: String!
  name: String!
  url: String!
  modelCard: String!
vendor - The vendor of the model
version - The version of the model
name - The name of the model
url - The API endpoint of the model
modelCard - The API for the model card of the model